Saturday, May 02, 2020

Camp Grant Massacre, Arizona

Shortly before dawn on the morning of April 30, 1871, a group of Anglo Americans, Mexican Americans, and Tohono O'odham Indians from Tucson and San Xavier del Bac attacked a would-be Apache Indian reservation located along a creek bank in Arizona Territory's Aravaipa Canyon. This incident, in which the raiders killed perhaps as many as a hundred and forty Apaches, many of them sleeping women and children, has come to be known as the Camp Grant Massacre after the U.S. Army base near which it took place.
[From Shadows at Dawn website]

Camp Grant, 1870 (National Archives)
Today, the site of the massacre is on private property.

Read two landmark studies of this event: Shadows at Dawn: An Apache Massacre and the Violence of History (The Penguin History of American Life), by Karl Jacoby.
Karl Jacoby discusses his book on NPR

Massacre at Camp Grant: Forgetting and Remembering Apache History (University of Arizona Press), by Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh.

Read on online article about the massacre (originally published by Wild West magazine): "Massacre at Dawn in Arizona Territory," by Carol A. Markstrom and Doug Hocking.

See also, Camp Grant Massacre — April 30, 1871 (Partnership with Native Americans). 

The “Camp Grant Massacre” essay by Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh.